Facts Defined. Distinguished from Explanations, Evaluations, and Predictions

Person engrossed in evaluating a situation

Knowledge is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education. I’m going to focus on fact and informational aspects in this post. Skills are important, but unless they are verbal, I’m not concerned with them here. In conversation, we use the word knowledge for…

Pattern-Matching and Invariance

A seawall lets only some waves beyond

In neuroscience, the process I call pattern-matching is sometimes referred to as an invariant operation. Yohan John in Quora raises the question How does your brain discover association in the midst of so much disassociation? and suggests the form of the answer. That’s a question that has nagged at me for thirty plus years. His…